Being young and just starting out is difficult. Some do better than others, but it is good to remember when it was not so easy. Some well placed charity, help and good gifts, for a new couple or young family, can change the entire course of their lives.
The chief (but not sole) exemplar of an academization of the golden age is the volume Born to use Mics: Reading Nas’ Illmatic, edited by academic powerhouses Michael Eric Dyson and Sohail Daulatzai.7Essentially, the tome pays homage to a crucial album in hip hop history, Illmatic, and places it within the context of a liminal or transitional stage in broader hip hop culture. Illmatic, released in 1994, according to this work, is the interface between a bygone era of hip hop and its current form, demarcating a definitive golden age of hip hop by two crucial hip hop scholars (the editors) and further validated by the litany of academics that contributed to the volume as well as Common (a well known conscious rapper), who wrote the foreword. The term golden age appears five times in the book, and Sohail Daulatzai maintains that 1987 1994 was the golden age in the introduction, establishing this range as the dominant accepted time period for hip hop’s flourishing and unencumbered childhood.8He establishes this time frame by saying “in 1994 hip hop was at a crossroads the tail end of the ‘Golden Age.'”9 While there are obviously many more hip hop scholars and practitioners that have addressed this idea, I will not provide an exhaustive list here, proceeding with the assumption that there are conflicting conceptions of the golden age and this anthology is one exemplar of many that has worked to reduce the time frame of the golden age to a specific period of time, largely within the late 1980’s to early 1990’s.
Economically speaking, the sale of replica sunglasses is detrimental to the same manufacturers who produce such duplicates. Providing cheap counterfeits may momentarily increase their sales, but they cut into the businesses of big brands. Consequently the big brands may curtail the entries of new products in the market and the replica manufacturers would have nothing to replicate.
For freelancers, social media has been a real game changer, and brings networking to a whole new level. Depending on how you look at it, the competition either just got a lot tougher or the playing field burst wide open. Social media is a double edged sword; although getting a job is often still about who you know, connecting online means there is the opportunity to know so many more people..